Patents Issued to Encapsulife or its Founder, Dr. Taylor G. Wang

March 18, 2014: US Patent 8,673,294 B2
Immunoisolation Patch System for Cellular Transplantation

Abstract: An immunoisolation patch system, and particularly a patch system comprising multiple immunoisolation microcapsules, each encapsulating biological material such as cells for transplantation, which can be used in the prophylactic and therapeutic treatement of disease in large animals and humans without the need for immunosuppression.

December 14, 1999: US Patent 6,001,312
Reactor for making uniform capsules

Abstract: The present invention provides a novel reactor for making capsules with uniform membrane. The reactor includes a source for providing a continuous flow of a first liquid through the reactor; a source for delivering a steady stream of drops of a second liquid to the entrance of the reactor; a main tube portion having at least one loop, and an exit opening, where the exit opening is at a height substantially equal to the entrance. In addition, a method for using the novel reactor is provided. This method involves providing a continuous stream of a first liquid; introducing uniformly-sized drops of the second liquid into the stream of the first liquid; allowing the drops to react in the stream for a pre-determined period of time; and collecting the capsules.

December 7, 1999: US Patent 5,997,900
Encapsulation system for the immunoisolation of living cells

Abstract: The present invention is drawn to a composition of matter comprising high viscosity sodium alginate, cellulose sulfate and a multi-component polycation. Additionally, the present invention provides methods for making capsules, measuring capsule permeability to immunologically-relevant proteins and treating disease in an animal using encapsulated cells. Over one thousand combinations of polyanions and polycations were examined as polymer candidates suitable for encapsulation of living cells and thirty-three pairs were effective. The combination of sodium alginate, cellulose sulfate, poly(methylene-co-guanidine) hydrochloride, calcium chloride, and sodium chloride produced the most desirable results. Pancreatic islets encapsulated in this multicomponent capsule demonstrated glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in vitro and reversed diabetes without stimulating immune reaction in mice. The capsule formulation and system of the present invention allows independent adjustments of capsule size, wall thickness, mechanical strength and permeability, and offers distinct advantages for immunoisolating cells.

November 9, 1993: US Patent 5,260,002
Method and apparatus for producing uniform polymeric spheres

Abstract: The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for producing uniform polymeric spheres with controllable permeability. This invention may be useful for encapsulating living cells or tissue or chemicals or medicines in uniform polymeric spheres. In particular, this invention relates to polymeric microspheres made from polycation and polyanion polymer solutions. An apparatus includes airtight housing 1 having top 3 and bottom 25 chambers. Top chamber 3 includes pressure regulator means 5, stationary polyanion reservoir tank 7, polycation reservoir tank 27, and feed line 9 to adjustable tank 11. Tank 11 is associated with oscillator 13, nozzle 14 and capacitance means 19. Nozzle 14 and oscillator 3 cooperate to form polyanion droplets. In the bottom chamber 25 annular nozzle 50 is used to form an annular jet of polycation solution. The droplets and polycation jet are mixed at minimal impact velocities to form uniform polymeric sphere.